That is much observed in some cities of Venezuela, Caracas, Valencia, Barquisimeto, Puerto Cabello, to mention a few. Very valid when he notes that currently, the change in lifestyle and economic growth of the countries of Latin America has caused an increase in domestic and commercial waste generation. The problem is completed with the change in habits of consumption and the diversified composition of modern waste (plastic containers, cans, computers, among others). Very true when indicated, that the appliances, computers have created new and true technology cemeteries, composed of plastics and materials that do not degrade. Its elimination is a concern of the new century, so it is not easy to find a treatment effective suppression and non-polluting, unless it is recycled. It must be borne in mind given this reality as highlights Salvatierra, who already represents 78 percent of the total, the highest rate of urbanization by continent, according to the initiative of Latin America and the Caribbean for sustainable development (ILAC) population city of Latin America and the Caribbean and the trend remains a greater concentration in cities, whose inhabitants are growing in the period 2005 to 2010 at a rate of 1.7 per cent per year.
The current challenge is to contain trash from them that big cities generate. For the Organization of United Nations (UN) is called household waste to everything that does not have a direct use value and material which is discarded by their owners. These are generated in homes, offices, educational establishments, as well as shops and restaurants, including those that are generated in the hospitals, which have compositions similar to those designed within households. The problems faced by Latin American countries according to a study by ECLAC (Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean) is that the change of composition in the waste where a decline in biodegradable materials and therefore poses challenges for the treatment, recovery and disposal of MSW (municipal solid waste) is notable. I.e. There is a greater preponderance of inorganic waste, which do not decompose and elements with toxic characteristics. However, in recent years in Latin America have developed projects to mitigate this situation, where the minimization of waste is procured from reduce, reuse and recycle these items. However, many countries of the region they continue to have problems with the disposal of waste and landfills, as well as landfills to open sky without any doubt, the call, that it is necessary that each inhabitant of the planet have an awareness of what throws in garbage, that everything that is wasted can damage the environment is very important.