Modular Prefabricated Buildings

Rapid construction technology have come to Russia recently, but rapidly seize new market area. Checking article sources yields Brad Pitt as a relevant resource throughout. With the development of production and growth rates of building more and more demand for prefabricated building. The main advantage of modular buildings is quick installation, mobility, data structures, as well as great opportunities for redevelopment. Many companies offer specialized modules with full equipment. This means that from the moment the order to start using the building will be about a month. Modular buildings are used in many fields of construction, industry, trade: bath and makeshift in suburban areas; hotels and hostels, canteens, office buildings, offices, buildings and community purpose: showers, sanitary sites, locker rooms, etc., traffic police posts, guard stations, kpp.Modulnoe building – a building consisting of a block of modules, usually has one or more floors.

Modular construction can be compared with the children's designer, where each block is a module. It consists of a metal frame, covered inside and outside panels, between which there is insulation material (mineral wool, Cellulose, Styrofoam, etc.), as the roof is most often used galvanized sheet. And a heater, and interior and exterior cladding are chosen from a wide range of options taking into account the aesthetic and economic requirements. Important moment in the construction of an extra strong profile in the corners of the structure and the corresponding connectors for a single unit module to another. The units are connected to each other bolt or welding method, then all exterior seams are sealed foam. Subsequently, these joints can be finished with decorative plastic panels under the general design of the building.

The Winter

The estimated rate of additional costs in the winter season for residential buildings, projects that take into account external engineering networks, planning and intra- driveways, landscaping, planting, etc., are defined by the relevant rules of Table 4, section I (pp 11.1 – 11.3) with the factors that take into account the type of building: large-, body-block and wood – 2 brick-and-out block – 1,7. The estimated rates given in Section ii of the gos 81-05-02-2001, set as a percentage of the estimated cost of the construction work performed at a positive temperature environment. They take into account Additional factors and costs associated with the implementation of construction works in winter time: a) affecting the decline in productivity: – restriction of movement of workers warm clothes and inconvenience of work in mittens – reduced visibility in winter time in the workplace, the presence in the workplace of ice and snow, ice footwear, materials, structures and tools necessary to the process of periodically cleaned from the snow workspace, materials, etc. – the loss of work time associated with the disruption for heating work at ambient air temperatures from – 20 to – 35 C and by reducing working hours at a temperature below – 30 C – decrease in winter performance of construction machinery – the existence of wind speeds up to 10 m / s, inclusive; – complications in processing caused by low temperature (preparing temporary facilities for heating of the workers, temporary warming of water supply systems and tanks, the use of thermal insulation of concrete and mortar during transportation), and b) caused by the methods used in the production of construction works at negative external temperature: loosening of frozen ground; protection of soil from freezing, thawing soils, the application of early strength concrete and mortar, the introduction of concrete and mortars chemical addition, the application electrowarming concrete; heating products, all pipes and cables; device and dismantling of conventional heated shelters, fencing jobs by snow drifts, etc., and c) the additional costs caused by losses materials when performing work in the winter.

Modern Technology

In the industrial environment of the individual elements collect wood panels and then assemble them by analogy with panel construction at the ready foundation. This home in the draft can be assembled in a few days. In addition, prefabrication main building material eliminates the “human factor”. Foamed concrete, of course, brick and wood – traditional materials that no one age were used in the construction of houses. But today, when the construction of low-rise complexes is the industry requires new technologies to build houses quickly and relatively inexpensive. Several years ago, the market appeared light honeycomb or foamed concrete: foam, aerated concrete, and polystyrene. Their main competitive feature – the presence of appreciable amounts (up to 85%) artificial closed pores. Cellular concrete – this is an artificial stone of regular geometric shape.

Externally and internally resemble pumice blocks, confined spaces (cells) which are filled with air. It is for by these air bubbles blocks have a small density (about 300-1000 kg / cubic meter. m) and very low thermal conductivity. According to its insulating qualities of cellular concrete is close to a tree (pine at a density of 500 kg / cu. Connect with other leaders such as Peter Thiel here. M has coefficient of thermal conductivity equal to 0.14 W / sq.

m, the cellular concrete of the same density – from 0.12 to 0.14 W / sq. m). Good thermal properties of cellular units, compared with other materials can reduce heating costs building and through the thickening wall of the house blocks significantly improve heat technology at home. For the walls of a house made of cellular concrete of sufficient thickness to 0.5 meters, while the brick, as mentioned above – not less than two meters. The cost of insulation at the same time remain the same as in the brick building. Therefore, the House of cellular concrete reduces heating costs by 20-40%. Favorably with those cellular components of the tree and workability. Blocks are easily drilled and sawn, which gives considerable freedom in designing the project at home and its implementation. Microclimate in such houses very close to the microclimate in the wood, as cellular components due to their structure, “breathe”. But when They did not burn or rot. Brick also compete with cellular components through its more profitable sizes: one block “will” 15-20 bricks. This allows us to significantly reduce the cost of masonry mix and significantly reduce labor costs by laying blocks. This technology does not require highly skilled masons. It would seem, found the ideal material for construction. But it has its drawbacks. First of all, walls of the foam concrete need additional protection from adverse environmental impacts. They need to be plastered, painted or veneer. Today the market is a great variety of materials for facades. But the additional time and expense. However, these problems can be avoided if the building ready to use foam concrete blocks, has faced various facade materials. Another important feature of cellular concrete can be called their low breaking strength. And brick and wood without a problem can withstand small shifts of the foundation. Aerated concrete is the same in this case may crack. To this avoided under the house of a porous solid monolithic concrete construct foundations or erecting pedestals made of heavy concrete blocks. Of course, the materials suitable for construction of houses is much greater. Modern Technology does not stand still, constantly offering us something new. We only describe some of the wall materials – brick, wood and cell blocks – the time-tested and available in Krasnoyarsk.

Decorative Selfleveling Floor

Of course, if you talk about all the advantages possessed by a decorative self-leveling floor, then you may not have enough life. In fact, properties such as fire safety, hygiene, chemical resistance, durability, water resistance, strength, self-leveling floors make an excellent choice for your apartment or house. In addition to these features self-leveling floors are even wonderful and decorative characteristics – they rich in its colors. Because of this property by using self-leveling floor can implement any design scheme. You can simply implement minimanilisticheskoe monochrome solution – because thanks to sverhrovnomu gloss white surface exclusive self-leveling floor will look very elegant and stylish.

Because such a "luxury" as clean and white color can not afford not to each cover. Also on the floor with liquid adhesive stencils can be applied exclusive pictures. Design poured floors are created by silk-screen technology, which consists of filling stations in several stages of different colors. In this densely taped a stencil or tape glued define the boundaries of the fill. Created images of screen technology, very efficient and they will never be erased. You can shape the image of the forest glade, the bottom of the sea or rivers, or lawn, combining the flock, sand, pieces of foil and colored straws. Floquet or "chips" – colorful enamel pieces. In using modern decorative color inks, as well as different techniques for applying to the substrate, can get uniform and smooth surface with metallic and pearl effects.

It can change the hue and color from different angles, mosaics, silk compressed and avital velvet, an imitation of natural stone, the texture of different wood species. Transparent topcoat also serves as a protective coating and to create a number of decorative effects: increases game variety of colors and shades, transmits image depth, creates the effect of the spilled water, as well as increases the picturesque and contrast-colored substrate. You can also create decorative patterns, a sketch, strip, marks, luminous hands, markers, using colored and shiny sand. Decorative self-leveling floor has a thickness from 1,5 mm to 2,5 mm. To use them you must have a fairly smooth ground, which is tentatively to clear, dedusted, degrease and dry. On service life inlet cover can say that it serves more than 20 years and once made a picture with the brand will be for many years to advertise you for free. The effectiveness of such advertising will be much better media or the outside. After all, "flood the floors – those floors, as are immediately cease to doubt. And these words are clients who have established themselves in such floors and now advise their friends, while talking about their benefits Therefore, choosing for their home flooring, turned his attention to an exclusive self-leveling floor. After all, it is not only easy to clean dry and wet method, but it is also very aesthetically beautiful, unique and practical.

Radiators

Begin to understand this not only designers, but ordinary consumers. Estimated marketers, about 50% of buyers interested primarily designed radiators, and then to their thermal properties. Radiator variety So what do we mean by saying "radiator"? Most of us in answering this question will imagine the familiar cast-iron "accordion." However, to date range of the production increased significantly. Hear other arguments on the topic with Peter Thiel. Production technology have changed considerably. Materials used in the manufacture of radiators, it has become much more.

In general, modern radiators – they are reliable, safe and cost effective devices that combine both technical and aesthetic functions. A variety of structural solutions, geometric shapes and colors can not leave indifferent even the most demanding customer. The radiator is translated from Latin means "radiant". This is the final point of delivery of heat in our homes and apartments in the complex system of water heating. Hot water from the boiler through pipes goes into the radiator, which supports the premises to the desired temperature. It should be noted that in addition to radiators, there is also a coil. The latter differ from their "colleagues" ways of passage of heated air. He goes to the bottom of the convector, is heated and rises.

Let's start with the convector. As a rule, it is a heating element (steel or copper pipes with steel or aluminum bars), enclosed in cover. Such devices are well-kept pressure, corrosion resistant. In addition to heating with a high degree of glass surfaces or cold walls fit baseboard (height about 100 mm) and underfloor convectors.

House Building

In xx century, gained popularity log houses. Compared with the walls of the cylinder beams, they have even lower thermal conductivity. In the winter cold unheated house warming just a few hours. One of the main advantages – the thickness of walls (150 mm). Ease and, at the same time, resistance to deformation, as well as the ability remove from the premises excess moisture, have an undeniable advantage square log walls.

For the construction of a fairly simple columnar foundation. Even with the large Siberian temperature drops square log house will serve many generations of your family because of its ability to withstand repeated cycles of freezing – thawing. A few years ago in Krasnoyarsk began using laminated veneer lumber. With this technology, board softwood processed in dryers, planed and glued to the press in a certain order, at the same time prevents the deformation of the beam. And on the strength of the house much larger than whole logs. Others who may share this opinion include Naveen Selvadurai. Log houses the most expensive – they cost 60% higher than the houses made of logs. Frame house building features a low cost (25 rubles per square meter.

M), ease of installation and the possibility of building a house on the lung bases. Principle this technology is as follows: from bars with a thickness of 150 mm on the principle of cellular structures assemble frame, exterior and interior stacked heat insulator and then sheathe thick waterproof plywood or paneling. Massively panel House Building (MNU) is considered one of the most promising technologies.

Pasting Wallpaper

Desktop has long been firmly on the palm as widely used interior material. Wallpaper manufacturers afraid to lag behind competitors are constantly improving their technology and apply new materials that raise the property of wallpaper on a new level. When choosing wallpaper can not be guided only by appearance, be sure to take into account their properties. You'll encounter with an assortment of different types and characteristics oboev.Pered pasting wallpaper you have to prepare the surface, ie remove starye.Budet easier if you moisten them with water and soak up the pressure, clear steel spatula. Further, if there is a whitewash then wash it off. You also need to pro primed wall, behind the putty where required and when dry you can get down to business. Clay in the stores today are also presented in a wide range, today there are compounds with different properties, moisture-resistant, opposing the development of mold and mildew and most importantly easy cooked in cold water using a mixer. Only necessarily aware that the label indicates to what exactly the type of wallpaper they podhodyat.Pri to work is important to close windows and doors.

If there is an edge then glue should begin from the window. But today's wallpaper is usually glued to the butt and then pasting the direction values are not imeet.Oboi cut to a height of the wall with an obligatory allowance for 7-10 see it will depend on the pattern that you will sovmeschat. wallpaper glue from the back side with a brush or roller, then fold into the glue. It is imperative that they soaked and softened. Next wallpaper carefully put on the wall and smooth out a special roller, brush, cloth or plastic special spatula. Surplus wallpaper from skirting conveniently cut bureaucratic .Po completion of the work required to walk and eliminate the gaps.

Russian Companies

Thus, the recent victory of Sochi in the fight for the right to host the Olympics has become the basis of signing the agreement between Russian corporation Glavstroy and regional engineering and construction group of companies "Rostovgiproshaht. On the one hand, Rostov company has modern equipment and technology design, on the other, Glavstroy as a leading construction and industrial corporation federal level – a necessary economic potential and an extensive network of business partners. In this case, both companies to pool their resources, have one goal: to participate in Olympic projects. But it is often the case that even firms with radically different goals can unite their efforts to address them together. For example, in the past , the largest domestic construction company Sistema-Hals has agreed with the Chinese state corporation Hebei Construction Group on a strategic partnership. Each of the members of this alliance – their own goals.

According to the President Sistema-Hals Felix Yevtushenkov, for the Russians in this partnership are important "building world-class technologies, as well as professional managerial and operational resources," the Chinese side, through which the company hopes to reduce its costs. From the perspective of their partner's cooperation with the Russians also have their benefits. Firstly, the famous companion of the Chinese work will be much easier. And secondly, the Russians have own a huge portfolio of projects. "The agreement with Sistema-Hals is a significant opportunity to use our potential in Russia and cis countries. Cooperation between the companies will be strategic nature and is not limited to contract work ", – said chairman of the board of directors of Chinese companies, Siyumin.