Relaxation techniques are the basis of a psychological pain therapy relaxation techniques represent a psychological base supply measure of pain therapists. The basic idea, the pain therapeutic doctrine assumes that always a bio-psycho social total happening is chronifiziertem pain and that also the therapeutic priorities must be set according to the weight of these three aspects. Through consistent exercising of the ability to relax, let but not eliminate chronic pain, they put the pain sick but in order to be able to deal better. If you have pain, lives in a vicious circle: pain stress leads as well as psychological stress of the dys to the secretion of Catecholamines and cortisol, commonly stress hormones called. This results in not only the well-known effects such as pulse and blood pressure rise, increased breathing and blood sugar rise, but also as an increase in muscle tone up to physical stress.
That in turn increases the pain and increases the stress. With the Ability to relax this cycle can be break through by used in a healthy and balanced relationship in the vegetative nervous system impeller nerve (Sympaticus) and leisure nerve (Parasympaticus). To distribute not relaxation techniques now dispersed over all pain patients, requires thorough diagnosis: a chronic pain disorder is present? the bio-psycho-social context is an emphasis on “psycho”? is there a false balance in the area of the autonomic nervous system? While grows from the affirmation of 1 and 2 the indication for psychological treatment, ranging from relaxation techniques can ranging up to the repetitive transkraniellen magnetic stimulation, signalled a vegetative false balance, determined by the noninvasive VNS analysis techniques, that relaxation techniques must be carried out urgently. You are able to minimize the sympathetic nervous system-controlled excitation readiness and modulate autonomously regulated processes (Note: autonomous refers to this) autonomous or vegetative nervous system in contrast to the central nervous system, which controls conscious processes).